Extremism and Radicalisation

Protecting children from radicalisation and extremism is a shared responsibility for all professionals and volunteers.

From 1st July 2015 there is now a statutory duty on specified authorities to give “due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism”.   

The duty should be viewed as an extension of the same safeguarding processes that many statutory and charitable sectors already use in order to effectively safeguard children from drugs, gang violence, alcohol abuse, and other forms of harm and crime.  Protecting children from radicalisation and extremism is no different. 

This includes all forms of extremism: from the ideologies of Neo-Nazi groups to the influences of Al-Qaeda and Da-esh.   The grooming of children for the purposes of involvement in violent extremist activity is child abuse and professionals and volunteers working with children and young people should follow their agency, and local area policies and procedures for the safeguarding of children when they have concerns that a child or young person is as at risk of, or is being, exploited in this way.

Additionally, professionals and volunteers working with Children should be mindful that many children are curious, concerned and affected by the issues relating to radicalisation and terrorism.  For example, Childline has carried out more than 260 counselling sessions with children disturbed by the Paris terrorist attacks of last November. 

 

Risk Thresholds and the Safeguarding Process

Safeguarding leads should familiarise themselves with the new London Councils’ Safeguarding Board Thresholds of Need Matrix which has been designed to support children safeguarding practitioners in understanding the different indicators of need  that may indicate a child is being groomed towards a dangerous ideology.  It is available to download here: http://www.londoncp.co.uk/

 

Expectations for Safeguarding Institutions

Institutions whether statutory or non-statutory should bear in mind the following in relation to the need to safeguarding individuals against radicalisation and extremism.

  • Are staff aware of how to protect individuals from radicalisation?
  • Do your policies and procedures need updating to include the risk of radicalisation?
  • Do you know your local Prevent contact point?

An expected minimum standard for volunteers and staff organisations should ensure key safeguarding individuals staff, with safeguarding responsibilities,  we recommend completing the Channel e learning module  http://course.ncalt.com/Channel_General_Awareness 

 

The Ofsted Common Inspection Framework

If your institution falls under the Ofsted Common Inspection Framework you should note in addition to the above that you should consider the following questions;

  • Do you effectively promote equality and diversity, tackle bullying and /discrimination?

  • Are Pupils’ able to keep themselves safe from extremism (incl. when using the internet/social media), respect others and contribute to wider society and life in Britain

  • Is your safeguarding guidance up to date? (Sept 2015):

  • Do staff know and understand the indicators and take the appropriate and necessary action in accordance with local procedures and statutory guidance

  

Parents and Prevent

There have been a lot of requests and questions around what support is available for parents in understanding radicalisation and how to protect their children from harm.  The Islington Safeguarding Children Board have designed a leaflet for parents to help them consider how to keep their children safe from extremism and radicalisation and where to turn if they have problems.  Schools can access this on the panel on the right hand page of this web page. 

 
Parents can also be directed to;
 
  • Educate Against Hate http://www.educateagainsthate.com/parents  providing information, links and answers key questions for parents who want to know more about radicalisation, e-safety and answers common questions.

 

To make a non-urgent referral: All referrals regarding a minor should go through the Children's Services Contact Team on 0207 527 7400